Will De Freitas
11 December 2018
The War Report article The Eritrea-Ethiopia Armed Conflict provides detailed information about the history of this conflict, the peace process and the final Algiers Agreement, the deployment of peacekeeping operations until 2008, the work and conclusions of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) and the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission (EECC), as well as recent developments.
Written by Tadesse Kebebew, Teaching Assistant at the Geneva Academy and PhD student at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, it will form part of the War Report 2018 which will be published at the beginning of 2019.
This article provides the tools to understand the complex dynamics of this armed conflict that has been lasting for 20 years.
‘Following the 1998-2000 war, Eritrea and Ethiopia remained locked in a stalemate for two decades marked by sporadic skirmishes – including an attack on Eritrean military installations in 2012 and another one on Tserona in June 2016 – and Ethiopia’s military occupation of Badme’ explains Tadesse Kebebew.
The article also analyses recent developments, including the 9 July 2018 Joint Declaration of Peace and Freedom, as well as the lack of investigation or prosecution, from both sides, regarding possible war crimes.
‘Written by a scholar with extensive experience in the region, this article summarizes not only the historical and legal dimensions of the conflict and the different views of the parties but also contentious issue like missing prisoners of war’ adds Dr Annyssa Bellal, editor of the War Report.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of the military occupation of Eritrea by Ethiopia, including an overview of the situation, its classification as a military occupation and applicable law.
The War Report article Georgia-Abkhazia: The Predominance of Irreconcilable Positions presents an overview of the Georgia-Abkhaz conflict, its humanitarian implications, as well as the main actors involved.
Visitors can discover an overview of the conflict since its inception in 1947, recent developments, the factual and methodological basis for its classification as an IAC, parties to this conflict and the applicable international law.
Organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Geneva Academy, this advanced seminar aims to enhance the capacity of lecturers and researchers to teach and research international humanitarian law contemporary issues, addressing both substantive and pedagogical aspects.
This research project looked at the protection of civilian populations subject to the control of a foreign army by analyzing the link between the international law of military occupation and human rights.
This project examined the legal requirements that the use of autonomous weapon systems would need to comply with in a number of scenarios envisaged by proponents of increasing autonomy in weapon systems.